The Millennium Stadium (Welsh: Stadiwm y Mileniwm; referred to since 2016 as the Principality Stadium (Welsh: Stadiwm Principality) for sponsorship reasons), is the national arena of Wales. Situated in Cardiff, it is the home of the Wales national rugby association group and has additionally held Wales national football crew amusements. At first worked to have the 1999 Rugby World Cup, it has proceeded to have numerous other huge scale occasions, for example, the Tsunami Relief Cardiff show, the Super Special Stage of Wales Rally Great Britain, the Speedway Grand Prix of Great Britain and different music shows. It likewise facilitated six FA Cup finals and a few other prominent football apparatuses while Wembley Stadium was being redeveloped.
The arena is claimed by Millennium Stadium plc, a backup organization of the Welsh Rugby Union (WRU). The designers were Bligh Lobb Sports Architecture. The auxiliary architects were WS Atkins and the structure temporary worker was Laing. The complete development cost of the arena was £121 million, of which the Millennium Commission financed £46 million.
The Millennium Stadium opened in June 1999 and its first real occasion was a worldwide rugby association coordinate on 26 June 1999, when Wales beat South Africa in a test coordinate by 29– 19 preceding a horde of 29,000. With a complete seating limit of 74,500, it is the third-biggest arena in the Six Nations Championship behind the Stade de France and Twickenham. It is additionally the second-biggest arena on the planet with a completely retractable rooftop and was the second arena in Europe to have this component. Recorded as a class four arena by UEFA, the arena was picked as the setting for the 2017 UEFA Champions League Final, which occurred on 3 June 2017. In 2015, the Welsh Rugby Union reported a 10-year sponsorship manage the Principality Building Society that saw the arena renamed as the "Realm Stadium" from mid 2016.
MILLENNIUM STADIUM CARDIFF
Until 1969, Cardiff RFC and Wales both played their home matches on a similar pitch at Cardiff Arms Park, however this changed in the 1969– 70 season. Because of an understanding between Cardiff Athletic Club and the WRU, the National Stadium venture set up that another arena for global matches and occasions was required, with Cardiff RFC moving to another reason constructed arena on the first cricket ground at the site of the previous Cardiff Arms Park arena. By 7 April 1984 the National Stadium was formally opened. In any case, in 1994, a panel was set up to consider redeveloping the National Stadium, and by 1995 the WRU had been facilitated the 1999 Rugby World Cup.
In 1995, the National Stadium, which was structured in 1962, just had a limit of 53,000; other countries' stadia, for example, Twickenham (England) with a limit of 75,000, and Murrayfield Stadium (Scotland) with a limit of 67,000, had surpassed it. France was additionally going to manufacture the Stade de France, which would have a limit of more than 80,000 for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The first limit of the National Stadium was 65,000, yet this had been decreased to 53,000, because of the Taylor Report. 11,000 of 53,000 limit was on the East Terrace and the transformation to an all-seater arena would have decreased the arena limit still further to only 47,500.
Notwithstanding the issues of limit, the National Stadium was additionally very much covered up by the neighboring structures toward the south in Park Street, Wood Street and toward the east in Westgate Street, and furthermore via Cardiff Rugby Ground in the north. It was just completely obvious from over the River Taff in the west. Access to the ground was likewise limited with the principle entrance being a tight opening in Westgate Street toward the east which was shared by the two vehicles and onlookers alike.
The alternatives for the new arena included adding a third level to the current National Stadium, or moving to another site. This last choice was limited since it would have required a tremendous vehicle leaving office, and that would have put serious momentary weights on the nearby transport framework, making congested driving conditions and contamination. The board of trustees in the end picked another arena on a similar site however with impressive increment in its ability. It would likewise include moving the arrangement of the arena from west-east to north-south. This was the choice upheld continuously Commission. It would turn into the fourth redevelopment of the Cardiff Arms Park site. It was likewise chosen that the new arena ought to have a sliding rooftop to suit a multi-use setting, with a grass pitch for rugby and football. The main other sliding rooftops in Europe at the time were at two Dutch stadia – the Amsterdam Arena, finished in 1996 with a limit of 50,000; and Gelredome in Arnhem, a 30,000-limit ground worked from 1996 to 1998.
To stay on the Arms Park site, extra space must be found to permit safe access and to give space to the expanded limit and improved offices. This was accomplished by the buy of contiguous structures toward the south and east and by the development of another £6 million River Walk by the River Taff on the western side of the arena.
By 1999, the Millennium Stadium had supplanted the National Stadium, Cardiff Arms Park, as the national arena of Wales for rugby association and affiliation football worldwide matches. Cardiff RFC proceeded as before to play at Cardiff Arms Park rugby ground, which had supplanted the cricket ground in 1969.
The arena was planned by a group driven by Bob Sheard at Lobb Sport Architecture, who later converged with HOK Sport to end up Populous. The structure contractual worker was Laing and the basic specialists were WS Atkins. Mike Otlet of WS Atkins planned the arena's retractable rooftop. Cimolai S.p.A. from Italy manufactured and raised the 72 steel plane edges for the stands and all the 4,500 segments of the rooftop.
Development included the decimation of various structures, essentially the current National Stadium (Cardiff Arms Park), Wales Empire (pool) in Wood Street, Cardiff Empire Telephone Exchange building (claimed by BT) in Park Street, the recently manufactured Territorial Auxiliary and Volunteer Reserve working in Park Street, and the Social Security workplaces in Westgate Street.
The arena was worked by Laing in 1999 on the site of the National Stadium, with the head of development being Steve Ager. It was worked for the 1999 Rugby World Cup, for which Wales was the principle have, with seven of the 41 matches, including the last, being played at the arena.
The all out development cost of the arena was £121 million, which was subsidized by private speculation and £46 million of open assets from the Millennium Commission, the closeout of debentures to supporters (which offered ensured tickets in return for an intrigue free advance) and advances. The improvement left the WRU vigorously in the red.
The Millennium Stadium was named thusly in acknowledgment of the Millennium Commission's commitment to the structure.
The arena was first utilized for a noteworthy occasion on 26 June 1999, when Wales played South Africa in a rugby association test coordinate before a horde of 29,000. Ridges won 29– 19: the first occasion when they had ever beaten the Springboks.
The all-seater arena has the limit with respect to 74,500 supporters and highlights a retractable rooftop, just the second arena of its sort in Europe, and the biggest football arena on the planet with this element, by capacity. Additional seating is once in a while included for uncommon occasions, for example, a rugby Test against the New Zealand All Blacks, or for the FA Cup Final. The present record participation is set at a little more than 78,000, recorded at the Anthony Joshua v Carlos Takam battle, on 28 October 2017, in which Joshua effectively held his WBA, IBF and IBO titles.
The normal grass turf was comprised of a measured framework introduced by GreenTech ITM. It highlights worked in water system and seepage. The pitch itself was laid over somewhere in the range of 7,412 beds that could be moved so the arena could be utilized for shows, presentations and different occasions.
In May 2014, after much issue with illness and strength, the surface was evacuated and supplanted with a stronger intertwined sand based Desso pitch.
The four closures of the ground are known as the North Stand, the West Stand, the South Stand and the BT Stand (east). The South Stand was recently known as the Hyder Stand, until Hyder was sold. The arena has three levels of seating except for the North Stand, which has two levels. The lower level holds around 23,500 onlookers, the center level holding 18,000 and the upper level holding 33,000 observers.